African Union demands ‘immediate’ halt to Libya attacks

Posted in Artigos, Notícias on 20/03/2011 by khemsvibes

The African Union’s panel on Libya Sunday called for an “immediate stop” to all attacks after the United States, France and Britain launched military action against Moamer Kadhafi’s forces.

After a more than four-hour meeting in the Mauritanian capital, the body also asked Libyan authorities to ensure “humanitarian aid to those in need,” as well as the “protection of foreigners, including African expatriates living in Libya.”

It underscored the need for “necessary political reforms to eliminate the causes of the present crisis” but at the same time called for “restraint” from the international community to avoid “serious humanitarian consequences.”

The panel also announced a meeting in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on March 25, along with representatives from the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Conference, the European Union and the United Nations to “put in place a mechanism for consultation and concerted action” to resolve the Libyan crisis.

The AU committee on Libya is composed of five African heads of state. But the Nouakchott meeting was only attended by the presidents of Mauritania, Mali and Congo. South Africa and Uganda were represented by ministers.

The committee said it had been unable to get international permission to visit Tripoli on Sunday but did not elaborate.

Libyan generosity and Moamer Kadhafi’s role in the creation of the African Union could explain the continental cautious stand, experts said.

The AU was born in the 1999 Sirte Declaration, named after a summit hosted by Kadhafi in his hometown on the Libyan coast.

The declaration said its authors felt inspired by Kadhafi’s “vision for a strong and united Africa.”

“The AU as an organisation has benefited significantly from Kadhafi’s wealth,” said Fred Golooba Mutebi of the Institute of Social Research at Kampala’s Makerere University.

The pan-African body has taken a firmer stance on three west African crises: most recently Ivory Coast and previously Guinea and Niger.

Handouts aside, Libya has invested billions of dollars in sub-Saharan Africa.

It has interests in more than two dozen African countries, while its petroleum refining and distribution unit Oil Libya has interests in at least as many.

Libyan telecommunications unit LAP Green is present in five countries in the region and expanding rapidly.


Lil Wayne’s Negative Lyrics Prompt Complaint Song From Little Girls

Posted in Artigos, Notícias on 06/03/2011 by khemsvibes

Earlier this week, Lil Wayne was called to task by three little girls. Sisters Nia, 10, Nya, 9, and Kamaria, 5, who form the Baltimore, Maryland-based group Watoto From The Nile, released a song, “Letter To Lil Wayne,” that questions the New Orleans rapper’s lyrics that degrade women and promote drug abuse.

“Letter To Lil Wayne” is recorded over an instrumental of the Lil Wayne song “I’m Single.” In less than one week, the independent release on Solvivaz Records has received nearly 200,000 plays and was featured on numerous blogs.

While the song is written in a respectful tone and Wayne is referred to as “mister” and “sir” throughout, it is direct from its opening line: “This message is for Mr. Wayne. I’m sorry but I must complain about what you do and what you say.”

The song gets more specific: “People say, ‘Say no to drugs,’ so tell me Sir who should I trust. You or them?'” One of the lines even asks Wayne if he is also speaks disrespectfully to his own daughter. “I hear you got a little girl. Does she get the same referral you call the world. Not trying to lean. I hope you call her little queen,” the girls ask.

The song has received mixed responses, according to Jabari Natur, the girls’ father and the song’s producer and co-writer. The group has been flooded with interview requests and invitations to perform and make appearances, including an offer to be in a play.

“We got great response and positive feedback,” Natur told Yahoo! Music. “I am disappointed by the negative reaction that we’ve got. Some of the hate mail that we’ve gotten from people. .. [These are] 10-, 9-, and 5-year-old little girls and the statements that are being made on some of these websites … and all because we are talking about respecting women?”

Among their milder critics is up-and-coming rapper Chase Million$$$, who defends Wayne in his song “Letter To Watoto From The Nile” rhyming, “There’s some things you won’t understand because you’re just a child.”

As of Friday afternoon, Watoto From The Nile, which means children from the Nile in Swahili, had not been contacted by anyone in Lil Wayne’s camp. But Natur said the song isn’t just about Lil’ Wayne; it is speaking out in general against music with negative messages.

Watoto From The Mile decided to write to Lil Wayne after hearing his song “I’m Single” on the radio. The group was shocked that so much of the song was bleeped out because of the explicit lyrics.

“We want to take back the radio airwaves,” Natur said. “We want music to get right.”


“O Universo foi criado para a Humanidade viver em paz, concordância e felicidade.”

Posted in Vozes Africanas with tags , , , on 12/09/2010 by khemsvibes

“Nós procuramos neste encontro, determinar para onde nós vamos e traçar o percurso do nosso destino. Este não é menos importante que sabermos donde nós viemos. Um conhecimento do nosso passado é essencial para o estabelecimento da nossa personalidade e da nossa identidade como Africanos.

Este mundo não foi criado aos pedaços. África não nasceu nem depois, nem antes do que qualquer outra área geográfica neste globo. Africanos, nem mais nem menos que outros Homens, possui todos os atributos humanos, talentos e deficiências, virtudes e falhas. Milhares de anos atrás, civilizações floresciam em África não com todos  sofrimentos comparando com aqueles de outros continentes. Naqueles séculos, Africanos eram livres politicamente e independentes economicamente. Seus padrões sociais eram próprios e suas culturas verdadeiramente indígenas.

A obscuridade que cobriu os séculos que decorreram entre aqueles primeiros dias e a redescoberta da África está sendo gradualmente dispersada. O que é certo é que durante aqueles longos anos Africanos tinham nascido, vivido e morrido. Homem na outra parte desta terra ocupou a si mesmo com seu próprio interesse, na sua concepção, proclamou que o mundo começa e termina nos seus horizontes. Tudo desconhecido para eles, África desenvolveu-se no seu próprio padrão, crescendo dentro de sua própria vida e, no século XIX, reemergiu finalmente dentro da consciência mundial.”

H.I.M. Haile Selassie I

Traditional African stool (o banco de 3 pés)

Posted in Artigos, Vozes Africanas with tags , , on 14/03/2010 by khemsvibes

In trying to explain both my work and my phylosophy in the wake of being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, I was reminded of the traditional African Stool, which is comprised of a seat and 3 legs. The first leg represents democratic space, where rights – whether human, women’s children’s, or environmental – are respected. The second leg symbolizes the sustainable and accountable management of natural resources both for those living today and for those in the future, in a matter that is just and fair, including for people on the margins of society. The third leg stands for what I term “cultures of PEACE”: these take form of fairness, respect, compassion, forgiveness, recompense, and justice.

(…)Each leg, or pillar is reinforced by the others and formed from the same grain, so the issues must be addressed together and simultaneously. (…)The 3 legs of the stool support the seat, which in this conception represents the milieu in which DEVELOPMENT can take place.(…)”

excert  from the book “The Chalenge for Africa”, by Wangari Maathai.
Wangari Maathai was elected to Kenya’s parliament in 2002 and in 2003 she was appointed Assistant Minister for Environment, Natural Resources, and Wildlife. In 2004 she became the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for “her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.”

Tradução: “Na tentativa de explicar ambos o meu trabalho e a minha filosofia no decorrer da recepção do Prémio Nobel da Paz, lembrei-me do tradicional banco de 3 pés, que é composto de um assento suportado em 3 pés. A primeira perna representa o espaço democrático onde os direitos – quer sejam humanos, da mulher, das crianças, ou ambientais – são respeitados. A segunda perna simboliza a administração e gerenciamento sustentãvel dos recursos naturais, – quer seja para aqueles que vivem neste presente momento, quer seja para a futura geracão – numa maneira justa e equilibrada, incluindo aqueles que vivem a margem da sociedade. A terceira perna representa aquilo que denomino de ‘cultura de Paz’. Este toma a forma de equilibrio, respeito, compaixão, perdão, recompensa, e justiça.”

(…)cada perna – ou pilar – é reenforçado pelos outros, sendo que deste modo os problemas são atendidos de forma completa e em simultaneo. (…) as 3 pernas do banco suportam o assento, que nesta concepção representa o meio em que desenvolvimento toma lugar (…). “

extraido do livro “The Chalenge for Africa”, de Wangari Maathai.
Wangari Maathai for eleita para o parlamento Queniano em 2002 e em 2003 ela foi apontada Ministra Assistente para o ambiente, recursos naturais e vida selvagem. Em 2004 ela veio a tornar-se a primeira mulher Africana a receber o Premio Nobel da Paz pela sua contribuição para o desenvolvimento sustentavel, democracia e paz.


Posted in Criatividade, Pinturas / Artes Visuais on 13/03/2010 by khemsvibes

The Maafa (also known as the African Holocaust or Holocaust of Enslavement) refers to the 500 years of suffering of Black Africans and the African diaspora, through slavery, imperialism, colonialism, invasion, oppression, dehumanization and exploitation. The terms also refer to the social and academic policies that were used to invalidate or appropriate the contributions of African peoples to humanity as a whole, and the residual effects of this persecution, as manifest in contemporary society. The term Maafa is derived from the Swahili term for disaster, terrible occurrence or great tragedy, while the term African Holocaust, derived from a Greek word, is preferred by other scholars to emphasize the intentional character.

read more:

poesia de Amilcar Cabral

Posted in Poesias with tags , , on 12/03/2010 by khemsvibes


 um poema de Amílcar Cabral – Praia, Cabo Verde, 1945 –

Tu vives — mãe adormecida —

nua e esquecida, seca, fustigada pelos ventos,

 ao som de músicas sem música das águas que nos prendem…

Ilha: teus montes e teus vales não sentiram passar os tempos e

 ficaram no mundo dos teus sonhos — os sonhos dos teus filhos —

a clamar aos ventos que passam, e às aves que voam, livres, as tuas ânsias!

Ilha: colina sem fim de terra vermelha — terra dura — rochas escarpadas tapando os horizontes,

mas aos quatro ventos prendendo as nossas ânsias!

Rasta Stands for Universal Love

Posted in Artigos with tags on 12/03/2010 by khemsvibes


Rasta Stands for Universal Love
Rasta has firmly established itself as a fierce opponent of colonialism by seeking to overturn the vicious legacy left by the European colonialists. Colonialism has had a grave impact on the psyche of today’s generation; it is a legacy of brutality, discrimination, corruption and a relentless pursuit of material possessions. Rasta has sought to overcome this legacy by standing for and upholding the principles of Maat, which is truth, justice, righteousness and balance.

Rasta stands for universal love, a higher spiritual ideal that is not usually emphasized in the mainstream of Western society. To be a Rasta is to be a righteous person, continuously seeking to improve SELF. This process of self discovery is further clarified by the words of a St Lucian Rasta who said “The word Rasta as I understand it means purely, the power that lies within any man which enables him to do anything he wants… To be a Rasta therefore is to be conscious of that divine power, and to be developing one’s power potential for achievement. .. Rasta becomes therefore a philosophy of life fulfillment” .

Rasta does not seek to conform to the norms of this society, which are steeped in racism, sexism, neo colonialism and injustice. The norm of this society is the relentless pursuit of carnal gratification and one doesn’t have to look hard to see where all this alcohol, sacredless sex, and materialistic living is taking us. It is taking our people down a wide road of great karmic consequences. Salvation cannot be found in worldly material possessions, but rather by experiences of divine proportions.

There is a misconception that Rastas are against technology and material things. Nothing could be further from the truth and this attempt to misconstrue what Rasta is about is often as deliberate as it is damaging. What Rastas are against is the misuse of technology and the overemphasis on material possessions, which in fact has caused great decadence of modern society.
taken from rasta speaks

The First Delegation

Posted in Artigos with tags , , , on 20/02/2010 by khemsvibes

por, Sarney

In 1961, the Jamaican government decided to send a delegation of both officials and Rastafari leaders to Addis Ababa to meet Emperor Haile Selassie. Rases Planno, D. Mack, and Fillmore Alvaranga were the three in the Rasta delegation. Their Minority Report of the mission differs in several significant aspects from that of the non-Rastafarian delegates[1], e.g.:

  • April 16, 1961: “Later in the afternoon the Rases were invited to visit His Holiness Abuna Basilios, the Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church at his residence. The other delegates came along too. We discussed H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie, being the returned Messiah. His Holiness the Abuna told us at the conclusion of the discussion that the Bible can be interpreted that way. We had tea and honey with him.”
  • April 21, 1961: “The Mission was granted audience with H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I at the Imperial Palace, Addis-Ababa. We were introduced to H.I.M., by the Minister of the Imperial Guard. Emperor Haile Selassie I welcomed the delegation warmly. Speaking Amharic which was interpreted by the Minister of the Imperial Guard, H.I.M. told us that he knew the black people of the West and particularly Jamaica were blood brothers to the Ethiopians and he knew that slaves were sent from Ethiopia to Jamaica. He said we should send the right people. The Emperor said Ethiopia was large enough to hold all the people of Afrikan descent living outside Afrika and he would send a delegation to the West Indies. Dr. Leslie told H.I.M. that Jamaica had plenty of sugar cane factories making sugar and rum. H.I.M. replied that in Ethiopia there was a refinery making sugar but not rum. H.I.M. thanked the delegation and presented each of us with a gold medal.”
“All the rest of the delegation left His presence except the three Rastafarian Brethren (Bros. Fil, Mack, Planno, as we had presents for H.I.M.). Alvaranga presented H.I.M. with a wood-carved map of Afrika with a portrait of the Emperor on one side of the wooden case. The Emperor then spoke in English for the first time to us. He said, “That’s Afrika. Is it from the Rastafari Brethren?” (That showed that he knew us before). We said “Yes”. Brother Mack presented photographs of the Rastafari Brethrens in Jamaica. H.I.M. said again in English, “Photographs; thank you”. Mack also gave H.I.M. a painting of Errol Flynn’s island in Jamaica (i.e. Navy Island, off the mainland of Port Antonio). Brother Planno gave H.I.M. a woven scarf in red, gold and green. H.I.M. said “Is it you that wove it”. He said “Yes”. He said “Thank you again”. We also gave H.I.M. a photograph of a widow and six children—her husband, a Rastafari Brethren, was shot and killed by the Police in Jamaica. H.I.M. asked us to who was taking care of them now. We told H.I.M. that we took the case to Jamaica’s Premier but left the island before it was settled. The Emperor said that he would do what he could to help. We then took leave.”



April 4, – June 2, 1961

Depart Palisadoes Airport 4th June, 1961 (Tuesday) at 10.15 a.m. Arrived New York by B.O.A.C.

3.40 p.m.

The Mission comprised of: Dr. L.C. Leslie, Adviser; Mr. V. S. Reid, Co-Advisor; Hon. E. H. Lake

(Antigua) Ministry of Social Welfare; Dr. B. M. Douglas, Mr. Z. Munroe-Scarlet, Afro-West Indian

Welfare League; W. Blackwood, U.N.I.A.; Cecil Gordon, Ethiopian Worlds Federation. D. Mack,

Filmore Alvaranga, Rases of Eastern and Central Kingston, Mortimer Planno “Togo Desta”,

representing the Rastafarian Movement.

Tuesday, April 4. The mission left Kingston for New York where we spent tow days at the Hotel

Theresa, on 5th Avenue. We were met at Idlewilde Airport by Members of the Ethiopian Worlds

Federation, U.N.I.A. and other Back-to-Afrika Movements in New York. We visited the Ethiopian

Orthodox Church in New York, the Headquarters of the Ethiopian Worlds Federation, New York.

Also visited the U.N.O Buildings but was not successful in obtaining seats in the balcony of the

U.N.O. general assembly.

Thursday, April 6, 9.30 p.m. The Mission left New York for London and arrived at 8.30 p.m.

Friday 7th. We stayed at the Hotel Londoner. We visited the Ethiopian Embassy, the French

Embassy and the Ghanaian Embassy to obtain visas for entry. The Mission visited the House of

Parliament and Westminster Abbey. The Mission spent one week in London and during our stay

there, met many black people from the West Indies and elsewhere who were all interested in

getting back to Afrika. The Mission left London for Khartoum via Rome on April 14 at 3.40 p.m.

and arrived at Khartoum at 4.10 a.m. on Saturday April 15 and stayed at the Grand Hotel,

overlooking the River Nile. We drove by car to Omdurman from Khartoum; visited the Ancient

House of the Caliph, who defeated and killed the English General Gordon and his troops there

with Sudanese tribesmen. We saw other antiques of the famous battle. The Mission left

Khartoum 4.30 a.m. our first stop on the Continent of Afrika for Addis- Ababa, Ethiopia, and

arrived there Haile Selassie I Airport, via Asmara, where Mack and Alvaranga met four Ethiopian

Orthodox Priests, who flew to Addis-Ababa with us.

First Official Stop “Ethiopia”

Ethiopia was The Mission’s first official stop. We arrived Sunday April 16, 9.35 a.m. at Addis-

Ababa by Ethiopian Airlines. We were met at the airport by Ato Getaneh Haile Mariam, chief of

English and Commonwealth Department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Woizaro Maize of the

Ministry of Education; Lidj Ayele-Worq Abebe attached to the Foreign Ministry. We were then

taken to Hotel Ghion, reserved for our stay on Sunday morning. We visited the British Embassy

and met the Ambassador there. He said there was no clay in Ethiopia (which we disproved by

seeing a lot). Later in the afternoon the Rases were invited to visit His Holiness Abuna Basilios,

the Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church at his residence. The other delegates came

along too. We discussed H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie, being the returned Messiah. His Holiness

the Abuna told us at the conclusion of the discussion that the Bible can be interpreted that

way. We had tea and honey with him.

Monday April 17, 10 a.m. The Mission visited Her Imperial Majesty’s handicraft and technical

school for boys and girls where we saw hand weaving of wool, cotton, workings in gold and

silver, carpentry, joinery, cabinet-making and wood carving.

Monday 5.00 p.m. The Mission paid a visit to the Ethiopian Foreign Ministry. The Foreign

Minister welcomed the delegation and asked us to state the purpose of our mission. We told

him to seek the repatriation of black people to the continent of Afrika. He said that the

Imperial Ethiopian Government would have to handle that.

Tuesday, April 18 was to be our audience with H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I, which was

cancelled until we see more Government Ministers. We visited the Lions Den opposite the

Imperial Palace instead which contained 21 lions. In the afternoon The Mission paid visits to

their Excellencies the Minister of National Community Development. He welcomed the

delegation warmly and said that Ethiopia had land for us. Mr. W. Blackwood wept while

expressing his hopes to the Minister. The Minister of Commerce and Industry, he too welcomed

the delegation; the Minister of Agriculture—the Minister, who was away in another province at

the time. The Chief Educational Officer to the Ministry deputized and said that Ethiopia and

Ethiopians eagerly await our coming. The Officer agreed with the Mission’s purposes but said

that the Imperial Government would have to work it out.

Wednesday April 19. The Mission visited the Co-operative Farm at Awasa, on the way we

stopped at Shashamane, about 200 kilos from Addis; this is the land granted to the people of

the Western Hemisphere who sided Ethiopia during the Italian occupation.

We met Mr. And Mrs. Piper, West Indians living there for 17 years. Mrs. Piper served us Enjera

and Watt (Ethiopian National Dish) under a sycamore tree. They also operate a flour mill. We

crossed the Awash River and had lunch at Lake Awasa Rest House.

Thursday April 20: Members of the Mission flew by Ethiopian Airlines Special Charter Flight to

Jimma in the Province of Kaffa (where coffee originated). The dominant tribe there is the

Wall-Galla; the soil is extremely rich and fertile; coffee grows wild there and streams traverse

the land. We saw hippopotamus in one of the rivers; foodstuffs and fruits of all descriptions—

both familiar and unfamiliar to us; fishes and cray fishes abound in numerous streams; mangoes

are wild and plenty, also cattle, goat and sheep. We lunched at Hotel Ghion (Jimma) and flew

back to Addis-Ababa.

Friday April 21, 10 a.m. The Mission was granted audience with H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I

at the Imperial Palace, Addis-Ababa. We were introduced to H.I.M., by the Minister of the

Imperial Guard. Emperor Haile Selassie I welcomed the delegation warmly. Speaking Amharic

which was interpreted by the Minister of the Imperial Guard, H.I.M. told us that he knew the

black people of the West and particularly Jamaica were blood brothers to the Ethiopians and

he knew that slaves were sent from Ethiopia to Jamaica. He said we should send the right

people. The Emperor said Ethiopia was large enough to hold all the people of Afrikan descent

living outside Afrika and he would send a delegation to the West Indies. Dr. Leslie told H.I.M.

that Jamaica had plenty of sugar cane factories making sugar and rum. H.I.M. replied that in

Ethiopia there was a refinery making sugar but not rum. H.I.M. thanked the delegation and

presented each of us with a gold medal.

All the rest of the delegation left His presence except the three Rastafarian Brethren (Bros. Fil,

Mack, Planno, as we had presents for H.I.M.). Alvaranga presented H.I.M. with a wood-carved

map of Afrika with a portrait of the Emperor on one side of the wooden case. The Emperor

then spoke in English for the first time to us. He said, “That’s Afrika. Is it from the Rastafari

Brethren?” (That showed that he knew us before). We said “Yes”. Brother Mack presented

photographs of the Rastafari Brethrens in Jamaica. H.I.M. said again in English, “Photographs;

thank you”. Mack also gave H.I.M. a painting of Errol Flynn’s island in Jamaica (i.e. Navy Island,

off the mainland of Port Antonio). Brother Planno gave H.I.M. a woven scarf in red, gold and

green. H.I.M. said “Is it you that wove it”. He said “Yes”. He said “Thank you again”. We also

gave H.I.M. a photograph of a widow and six children—her husband, a Rastafari Brethren, was

shot and killed by the Police in Jamaica. H.I.M. asked us to who was taking care of them now.

We told H.I.M. that we took the case to Jamaica’s Premier but left the island before it was

settled. The Emperor said that he would do what he could to help. We then took leave.

Friday Afternoon: The Mission drove by car to the Wonji sugar estate about 80 miles from

Addis-Ababa. We again passed by Shashamane, also passed by Nazareth, 77 miles east of Addis-

Ababa. At 8.00 p.m. Friday afternoon the Mission was invited to dinner with the Abuna Basilios

at his residence. Bishops Theophilus and Phillipos were also present.

Saturday April 22: The Mission visited the Ministry of the Interior; the Minister welcomed the

delegation and said that settlement in Ethiopia was all right for people of Afrikan descent. In

the afternoon Archbishop Basilios again called the delegation to his residence where we had

tea and honey wine. He then gave us all robes and said that he did not only give them to us as

a gift but that we should all know ourselves to be Ethiopians. The Mission had lunch with Dr.

and Mrs. David Talbot, West Indians residing there. Enjera and Watt were served.

Saturday 8.00 p.m. The Mission was invited to luncheon given by the Vice-President of the

Imperial Patriotic Association, in our honour. We were also entertained with Ethiopian National

songs and dances by boys and girls and the Ethiopian Police band.

Sunday April 23, 10:30 a.m. The Mission left Haile Selassie I Airport by Ethiopian Airlines for

Lagos, Nigeria via Khartoum. Mr. Ayele-Worq Abebe was our guide, during the Mission’s stay in



Sunday April 10:30 p.m. The Mission arrived by Ethiopian Airlines at Ikeja Airport, Nigeria. Mr.

Babatunde Harper, of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other officials met us. The Mission

spent two days at Ikeja Airport Hotel, before going to the Federal Palace Hotel in Lagos, the


Monday April 24: The Mission visited the Oba Adele (The Kings of Lagos). The Oba greeted us

and said that West Indians coming to Afrikan would be returning to the land of their fathers. In

the afternoon we visited the Yaba industrial estate.

Tuesday April 25: The Mission had discussions with the Hon. J. M. Johnson, Minister of Labour

and Social Welfare and Dr. Esin Esin, the Minister of State. They both welcomed the delegation

warmly and Dr. Esin said that the Back-to-Afrika Movements would be like the Jewish

Restoration to Israeli and repatriation would be taken up by the Federal Government. Dr. Esin

also stated that Afrika could easily absorb all the three million people of the West Indies. “The

people of the West are bound to come home, he said and Nigeria would have to alter her

immigration laws to entertain immigrants.

Wednesday April 26: The Mission visited His Excellency the Governor General Dr. Nnamdi

Azikiwe, at State House, Lagos. Dr. Zik welcomed the delegation and said that Nigeria would do

what it could to resettle the people of Afrikan descent, scattered throughout the West. His

Excellency also made mention of Marcus Garvey, who helped to inspire him. The Mission was

also guest of Dr. Azikiwe at an ice show in Lagos.

Thursday April 27: The Mission visited the furniture factory at Onike Village, also the Defacto

Bread Factory Surelere at Yabba. We drove around Ikoyi Village.

Friday April 28: The Mission had discussions with the Minister of Internal Affairs and the

Immigration and Permanent Secretary.

Friday 1 p.m. A Luncheon party was held at the Federal Palace Hotel in our honour. Ministers of

Government attended.

Ibadan, Western Nigeria

Saturday April 29: The Mission drove by car to Ibadan from Lagos and was accommodated at

Green Springs Hotel, 80 miles from Lagos. 10:00 a.m. The Mission called on the Head of Service

and Chief Secretary of the Government in his office. Then met the Acting Premier of Ibadan,

Oba C.D. Akran in the Premiers office. He spoke very favourably of repatriation for the black

people in the West residing outside of Afrika. He said that the Federal Government would take

up the matter. At 1:00 p.m. a luncheon was given by the Government in honour of the Mission.

We met many West Indian residents there. In the afternoon the Mission toured the University of

Ibadan. 6:30 p.m. West Indian residents in Ibadan gave a cocktail party at the residence of the

Solicitor General, a Jamaican birth citizen of Ibadan, Mr. Alexander, “Agodi”.

Sunday April 30: We drove by car to Illora Farm, settlement, 50 miles from Ibadan. This is a cooperative

farm, which the Government runs. There are about 50 boys on the farm, who will

eventually be the owners within a period of 5 years. There are 13 such farms existing at

Ibadan. 14 are now under Government’s consideration.

Kaduna, Northern Nigeria

Monday May 1, 9:00 a.m.: The Mission left Ibadan by air for Kaduna by Nigerian Airlines. We

arrived at Kaduna Airport at 11:55 and stayed at the Catering House. We drove around Kaduna;

we were met at the Airport by S.A.S. (S.D.) Premier Office.

Tuesday May 2: The Mission met the deputy Secretary to the Premier S.A.S. (S.D.) Premier’s

Office. Objects of the meeting were to discuss what our mission wanted and to consider the

arranged programme. In the afternoon we visited the Legislature and the Kaduna Textile Plant,

which employs over 1,600 workers. The cotton used in this factory is grown in Kaduna.

Wednesday May 3: The Mission drove by car to the city of Zaria about 60 miles from Kaduna.

Zaria is an ancient city with a wall of stone and mud around it. We visited the Institute of

Administration at Samuru; Zaria and Educational Centre. We saw mothers with babies

attending classes there.

Thursday May 4: Departed from Kaduna Airport for Enugu.

Enugu, Eastern Nigeria

Thursday May 4, 1:50 a.m.: The Mission arrived by Nigerian Airlines at Enugu. We stayed at the

Catering Rest House. In the evening the Mission was invited to dinner by Dr. Michael Okapara,

Premier of Eastern Nigeria at the Premier’s Lodge. The Premier welcomed the delegation

warmly and stated that his Government welcomed their Afrikan brothers from the West Indies

particularly Jamaica and was very pleased indeed to see us all now look to Afrika as our home,

for Afrika is the original home of all black people. Continuing Dr. Okapara said he must

apologize for his ancestors who used to sell his brothers in slavery to America and the West

Indies and other parts of the world but was glad to see that all is forgotten. Dr. Okapara

further stated that the Ibo tribe has a Law whereby anyone who can trace his descent back to

this tribe, will be immediately received into it. They would carry you from any part of the

world and your land accordingly by parents possessions would be restored to you. Dr. Okapara

finally said that Afrika welcomes all both skilled and unskilled.

Friday May 5: The Mission met the Town Clerk and Assistant, Also passed through the College of

Technology. We visited the District of Obaja and Ngwo; we lunched at the Catering Rest House,

Nsukka and visited the University of Nsukka.

Saturday May 6: The Mission visited the Premier Dr. Okapara in his office. In the afternoon the

Mission was invited to dinner with Sir Francis Ibiam, Governor of Eastern Nigeria at Government

House, Enugu. Sir Francis welcomed the delegation and said that the Federal Government

would take up the matter of repatriation.


Monday May 8, 4:20 p.m.: The Mission arrived by Nigerian Airlines at Accra, Ghana. We stayed

at the Ambassador Hotel. Government Officials met us at the Hotel.

Tuesday May 9: A press conference was cancelled until we met Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. 8:00 p.m.

a reception was held in our honour at the Ambassador Hotel, where we met the House of Chiefs

from various states in Ghana. Among them was Nii Amoo Nakwah II Obtobulum Mensta oldest

Chief of all the Chiefs in Ghana—92 years of age. He informed us of past history when slaves

were leaving Ghana. Agreements were made between Portuguese and Dutch and the Chiefs to

return these slaves within a given period of but they never did return. Seeing us now, he knew

that we were some of those people. He said that the time had come for black people’s return.

He also prayed for us. We met two Rastafarians from Jamaica, now residing in Ghana at the

party. One was Brother Jackie Payne, a compositor working at the Guinea Press, Accra. The

other Brother, a machinist working in Osagyefo Builders Brigade.

Wednesday May 10: The Mission met the Osagyefo, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, President of the

Republic of Ghana, at State House, Accra. Dr. Nkrumah welcomed the delegation warmly and

said that this meeting is an historical one; historic from the point of view that many people

have tried to bring Afrikans from the West Back home to the continent, but they have all

failed. Marcus Garvey himself was sabotaged but our Mission could not be sabotaged now,

because this was the opportune moments for negotiating resettlement. Continuing he said that

Ghana has an area of over 100,000 square miles—population 7,000,000 which means that they

had space. He said that he personally had no objection to this approach for repatriation; “Look

upon yourselves as Afrikans and land was here for the asking.” Dr. Nkrumah set up a special

committee to meet us the next day at the Ministry of Establishment.

Thursday May 11: The Mission met the special committee set up Osagyefo. The committee

comprised of:

(1) Dei Anang, Principal Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(2) Sir Tisbu Darku, Chairman, Cocoa Marketing Board.

(3) Enoch Okoh, Principal Private Secretary to the President

(4) Nana Kobina Nkersia, IV, Ph.D., Paramount Chief of Essi

Kadu, Ambassador Plenipotentiary and Ambassador Extra-

Ordinary for the Ghana Government;

(5) Hon. Tawia Admafio, Minister for Presidential Affairs.

Finally, we resolved with the Committee that the delegation return to Jamaica, make a

comprehensive Memorandum and declaration of the category, numbers, etc. of settlers.

Thursday May 11: The Mission visited Tema Harbour, the home of the Black Star Line, 20 miles

from Accra.

Friday May 12: Visited a botanical garden and rest house. We were given some seeds to suck,

which made everything eaten after taste sweet.

Saturday May 13: The Mission visited the Museum at Accra.

Monday May 15: 11:59 p.m.: The Mission left Ghana for Liberia.


Tuesday May 16: The Mission arrived at Robertsfield Airport, Liberia by P.A.A. 1:00 a.m. We

stayed at the Ducor Palace Hotel in Monrovia the Capital, 50 miles from Robertsfield. We drove

through miles of Firestone rubber plantations on our way to the hotel.

Wednesday May 17: We met the Secretary of State in his office.

Thursday May 18: The Mission paid a visit to President Tubman at his office. He greeted the

delegation warmly and said that Liberia ever since the Republic was founded, had existing

immigration laws, which allowed for people of Afrikan descent from the West Indies and

elsewhere to settle here. He spoke highly of Marcus Garvey and his works. In the evening the

Mission was invited to a Ball at the state house hall, Monrovia.

Friday May 19: The Mission paid a visit to President Tubman’s private farm about 90 miles from

Monrovia. He showed us his zoo which contained lions, leopards, elephants, ostrich, snakes,

hippopotamus, deers, porcupines and other animals. He held a dinner at Coo Coo’s Nest, a

countryside restaurant in our honour. President Tubman asked the Rastafarian Brethren to

bless the table. The brethren replied with the prayers, “Princes shall come out of Egypt;

Ethiopia shall stretch forth her hand unto God”. During the course of the dinner the President

asked for information concerning the Rastafarian Movement. We defined our spiritual

conceptions to him. He finally said that Liberia was open to all peoples of Afrikan descent,

whether they said Rastafari is God or not.

Sunday May 21, 2:05 p.m.: The Mission left Liberia by Air Liban for Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone

Sunday May 21, 4:05 p.m.: The Mission arrived in Sierra Leone and was met at the Queen

Elizabeth II Quay, Freetown, by representatives of Government.

Monday May 22: The Mission met the Prime Minister, Dr. Sir Milton Margai (an old man of 66 yrs

with faculties of 25 years). He was filled with delight to see us and welcomed us warmly. The

Prime Minister said that Sierra Leone was founded for the slaves emancipation in Britain,

America and the West Indies and in the 17th Century, Britain bought a portion of land in Sierra

Leone for the repatriation of slaves. Continuing the Prime Minister said that in 1178 over 200

black people were brought back from the West to Sierra Leone, and help to build the Capital of

Sierra Leone, now called Freetown. He stated that his Government was young, having just got

independence, so he would have to settle down.

Tuesday May 23: We visited Njala Agricultural Centre and training college. Pineapples were

sold for 1d. per pound, grapefruits for 4d. per doz. We bought Palm wine along the way for 2d.

per quart.

Wednesday May 24: We visited the Marampa iron ore mines and met with a Mission from the

U.A.R. also touring the mines.

Friday May 26: The Mission was invited to the Premier’s Residence where a party was held in

honour of the U.A.R. and the Back-to-Afrika Mission. On Monday May 29, the Mission was

scheduled to leave by air for Dakar, Senegal. The plane developed engine trouble and the

departure was postponed. We stayed at Rest House.

Tuesday May 30, 9:30 a.m.: The Mission left by Air France for Dakar, Senegal. We stayed at the

Hotel N’gor. We departed Dakar, for Lisbon. We spent three days in Lisbon, Portugal at the

Avenida Palace Hotel.

June 2, Friday: The Mission left by Avianca Aircraft for Puerto Rico, via Santa Maria, Asores.

Saturday June 3, 7:30 a.m. The Mission arrived at San Juan, Puerto Rico. We stayed there until

12:30 p.m. and departed by B.W.I.A. for Palisadoes, Kingston, Jamaica and arrived at 2:45

p.m. at Palisadoes Airport. The Mission was met by Hon. William Seivright, Minister of Home

Affairs and other Government Representatives, who welcomed the delegation back.

There was a tremendous welcome prepared for us by members of Back-to-Afrika Movements,

including the Rastafarian Brethren, U.N.I.A., Ethiopian Worlds Federation and others. There

were about 5,000 persons with banners, flags, singing and shouting with joy as the Mission

Members landed in their robes.


Fact Finding

Back-To-Afrika Mission

The Back-to-Afrika Mission, which recently concluded a two month fact-finding tour of five

Afrikan States, found that the Mission’s purpose of repatriation to Afrika, people of Afrikan

descent, from Jamaica and elsewhere, was agreed upon by the government of all the Afrikan

countries visited i.e. Ethiopia (one week), Nigeria (two weeks), Ghana (one week), Liberia (one

week), Sierra Leone (one week).

The Afrikan Governments were willing to co-operate in resettling people of Afrikan descent

within their ancestral borders. The courtesy and attention afforded the Mission by all Afrikan

states were excellent.

Foodstuff prices were low in the markets and streets; prices at hotels were high. Food was

plenty and in variety. Cattle, goats and sheep were plentiful throughout Afrika especially in

Ethiopia. Land was controlled by the Chiefs in all the States except Ethiopia, where it is

controlled by H.I.M. Every citizen is entitled to land in Ethiopia by Constitution (about 10

acres) and in some other States.

Roads are good in every State but traveling towards the interior, smooth surfaces lessen.

In Ethiopia we find the people extremely courteous and loving and look upon all black people

as their brothers. H.I.M. is held in the highest esteem by all Ethiopians citizens. In one instance

we gave some photographs to an Ethiopian man and woman. She refused to show him although

he wanted to see them. He spoke to in their language and instantly she showed him the

photograph. He turned to and said in English that he had asked her to show him in the name of

H.I.M. This incident shows the spiritual conception of the people of Ethiopia towards their


Our meeting with H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I is likened spiritually to the visit of the three

wise men who journeyed from the West to the East to visit the Baby Jesus, bringing with them

gold, frankincense and myrrh to offer H.I.M. When Herod heard of the new born King of Kings

he gave orders to kill all the babies of the 3 years old and under.

When we presented our gifts to the Emperor before we could tell him who it was from, he said

“Is it fro the Rastafari Brethren”? We told him “Yes”. That Shows H.I.M. knows of the Rastafari

Brethren. H.I.M. also gave each member of the Mission a gold medal for our work, fulfilling

biblically, equality cometh for all. Only the Rases presented gifts to H.I.M. and the rest of the

Mission left us in the palace, fulfilling the parable of the ten virgins—five had oil in them and

five had none.

At the Church Residence of the Arch-Bishop Abuna Basilios, 10 of us were presented with

Ethiopian National Robes, although the tailor had measured 11 of us previously, 1 white man—

Mr. Iless, 1 brown man—Mr. Lake and 9 black men; fulfilling biblically the Ethiopian cannot

change the colour of his neither can the leopard change his spots.

All the Afrikan Governments were willing to negotiate in resettling people in Afrika. In every

state that we visited, the Rastafarian Brethren expressed to each Government, our conception

of His Imperial Majesty, as the Messiah. In Ethiopia and in some of the other states, this

conception was not disputed; only in Liberia was there any opposition.

The Rases also gave each Afrikan Government written documents with formulas on how we saw

repatriation in the U.N.O.

The Ethiopian Government paid all the Mission’s expense in Ethiopia.

In Sierra Leone, the Newspaper carried an article extracted from a London paper under the

caption, “Incredible deportations planned for Jamaica’s fanatic” with photographs of the 3

Rastafarian under it. This was expressed by two Jamaican Government Officials, the paper


One of the Rases, Bro. Mortimer Planno presented H.H. the Abuna Basilios with a painting

depicting H.I.M. in Psalm 2.

The climate in Ethiopia is the best throughout the world, comparing it to all other climates

experienced during our tour.

Filmore Alvaranga, Douglas Mack, Mortimer Planno

InI Creed

Posted in Artigos on 18/02/2010 by khemsvibes

Princes and Princesses must trod out of Egypt,
Ithiopians now stretch forth their hands to Haile Selassie I, Rastafari
O’ Haile Selassie I of Ithiopia, I’n’I Ivine Majesty,
Thy Irits come into I to dwell in the parts of righteousness.
Lead I’n’I, Help I’n’I to forgive that I’n’I must be forgiven,
Teach I’n’I love, loyalty on earth as it is in Zion,
Endow I’n’I with thy wise mind, knowledge and overstanding to do Thy will;
Thy blessing to I’n’I O Ras Tafari, Let the hungry be fed, the naked clothed,
The sick nourished, the aged protected, and the infants cared for;
Deliver I’n’I from the hands of I’n’I enemies
That I’n’I must prove fruitful in these perilous days
When Ian’I enemies are passed and decayed
In the depths of the sea, in the depths of the earth or in the belly of a beast;
Give I’n’I a place in thy Iverliving Kingdom
Through the Power of the Kings of Kings, Lord of Lords,
Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Elect of Himself and Light of This World,
I’n’I Ivine Majesty, Emperor Haile Selassie I, Rastafari
First I-ncient King of Iration
The I art the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning Without End, the First and Forever,
The Protector of all human faith and the Ruler of the Iniverse
Thou art the only High Priest of the Order of Melchisedek,
Who Liveth and Reigneth Foriver.
I’n’I hail to I’n’I Father and King Emperor Haile Selassie I, Rastafari !
Almighty I, Rastafari, Great and Thunderable I, Ras Tafari !

Poder Puro

Posted in pesquisas with tags , on 15/02/2010 by khemsvibes




Outubro de 1966



O que Nós Queremos

No que Nós Acreditamos


1.      Nos queremos Liberdade. Nos queremos Poder, para determinar o destino da nossa Comunidade Negra.


Nos acreditamos que o povo Negro não terá liberdade até sermos capazes de determinar o nosso próprio destino.


2.      Nos queremos total emprego para o nosso povo.


Nos acreditamos que o governo federal é responsavel e obrigado a oferecer a todo Homem emprego ou a garantia de rendimentos. Nos acreditamos que se os homens de negocios, brancos americanos,  não darão emprego total, então os meios de produção devem ser tomados da mão dos homens de negocio e colocados na mão da comunidade para que o povo da comunidade possa se organizar e empregar toda a sua população e dar um elevado padrão de vida.


3.      Nos queremos o fim do roubo do homem branco sobre a comunidade negra.


Nos acreditamos que esse governo racista sempre nos roubou e agora estamos demandando o debito devido de quarenta acres de terra e duas mulas. Quarenta acres e duas mulas foram prometidas 100 anos atrás como restituição pelo trabalho escravo e matança em massa do povo Negro. Nos aceitaremos o pagamento na moeda corrente que será distribuido para todas as nossas muitas comunidades. Os germanicos estão agora ajudando os judeus em Israel pelo genocidio do povo judeu. Os germanicos assasinaram seis miliões de judeus. Os racistas norte americanos participaram na matança de mais de vinte miliões de pessoas negras, por essa razão, nós sentimos que está é uma modesta cobrança que fazemos.


4.      Nos queremos moradias decentes, para servir de abrigo para os seres humanos.


Nos acreditamos que se os senhores usurpadores da terra, os homens brancos, nunca  deram casas decentes para a nossa comunidade negra, então as casas e as terras, devem ser transformadas em cooperativas, para que, a nossa comunidade, com a ajuda do governo, possa construir e fazer moradias decentes para o seu povo.


5.      Nos queremos educação para o nosso povo, que revele a verdadeira natureza decadente da sociedade americana. Nos queremos educação que nos ensine a nossa vedadeira história e a nossa posição e funsão nessa presente sociedade de hoje.


Nos acreditamos num sistema educacional que dará para o nosso povo conhecimento da nossa existencia e ocnhecimentos de quem somos, do nosso “Eu”. Se um Homem não possui o conhecimento de si mesmo e a sua possição na sociedade e no mundo, então ele terá poucas chances de se relacionar com qualquer outra coisa.


6.      Nos queremos que todo Homem Negro seja isento do serviço militar.


Nos acreditamos que o Homem Negro não deve ser forçado a lutar no serviço militar para defender um governo racista que não nos protege. Nos não vamos lutar e matar outros homens no mundo que, como o povo Negro, está sendo vitima do governo branco racista da America. Nós vamos nos proteger das forças e da violência das políticas racistas e dos militares racista, por qualquer meio necessário.


7.      Nos queremos o termino imediato da brutalidade policial e matança do povo Negro.


Nos acreditamos que podemos terminar com a brutalidade policial na nossa comunidade Negra, organizando grupos de auto-defesa negra que estarão dedicados a defender a nossa comunidade Negra da opressão e brutalidade do policial racista. A segunda emenda na constituição dos Estados Unidos dá o direito de porte de arma. Nós, por este motivo, acreditamos que todo o Homem Negro deve se armar para se protegerem.


8.      Nos queremos liberdade para todos os Homens Negros mantidos presos nas cadeias federais, estatais, distritais e capitais.


Nos acreditamos que todo o Homem Negro deve ser libertado das muitas cadeias e prisons, porque eles não receberam um julgamento justo e imparcial.


9.      Nos queremos que todo o Homem Negro levado a julgamento, seja julgado na corte por um juri do mesmo grupo social ou pessoa da sua comunidade Negra, como está definida pela constituição dos Estados Unidos.


Nos acreditamos que a corte deve seguir a constituição dos Estados Unidos, que defende que o povo Negro receberá julgamentos justos. A 14ª emenda da constituição dos E.U, dá ao Homem o direito de ser julgado por pessoas iguais a ele ou do mesmo grupo social. Um igual, é uma pessoa de similar situação economica, social, religioso, geográfico, ambiental, histórico e passado racial. Para fazer isso a corte deve ser forçado a selecionar um juri da comunidade Negra da onde o réu veio. Nós fomos e estamos todos sendo julgados por todos juris brancos que não têm nenhum conhecimento e entendimento da “metade do raciocinio” do Homem da comunidade Negra.


10.   Nos queremos terra, pão, moradia, educação, roupa, justiça e paz. E como o nosso maior objetivo politico, uma Nação Unida supervisionada pelo plebicito para ter controle completo através da comunidade Negra, onde somente individuos da comunidade terão o direito de participar para o propósito determinante dos desejos do povo negro assim como seu destino nacional.


Quando no desenrolar dos eventos humanos, tornou-se necessário para os povo dissolver a ligação politica que o conectava ao outro e de assumir, entre os poderes da Terra, o separado e igual possição na qual as leis da natureza e a natureza de Deus lhes entitulou, um respeito decente da opinião da humanidade require que eles declarem a causa que lhes empura para a seperação.


Nos mantemos essa verdade para ser de evidência pessoal, de que todos os Homens foram criados iguais, que eles foram dotados pelo seu Criador com alguns direitos inalienaveis, que entre esses está o direito a vida, liberdade, e a procura da felicidade. E que, para assegurar esses direitos, governos foram instituidos entre Homens, desviando o justo poder do povo a partir do consentimento do governo; e sempre que qualquer forma de governo se torne destruitivo desses fins, é do direito do povo de alterar ou de aboli-lo, e de instituir um novo governo, baseando as suas fundações nesses principios de vida, liberdade e procura da felicidade, organizando o seu poder dessa tal forma, assim para que esses possam parecer mais proximos de efetivar a sua segurança e felicidade. Prudência, na realidade, irá ditar a existência desse governo estabelecido para longos tempos, que não deve ser mudado como a transição da luz e causas transitórios; conforme as circunstancias, todas as experiências têm mostrado, que a Humanidade está mais disposto a suportar, enquanto o diabo é suportavel, do que corrigir-se a si mesmo, abolindo as formas pela qual eles são explorados. Mas, quando um longo trêm de abusos e usurpação, proseque de forma invariável o mesmo objetivo, evidencia o objetivo de reduzir o povo baixo de um despotismo absoluto, é o direito deles, é o dever deles, de regeitar tal governo, e proporcionar novos guardas para a sua futura segurança.




traduzido por Haris.